Lists and Forms

Based on this EdX course

Lists

We can render a list of react elements using a few different methods

Loop

var elements = []
var array = [1,2,3,4,5]

for (let i = 0, i < array.length; i++){
    elements.push(<li>{array[i]}</li>)
}

ReactDOM.render(
    <ol>{elements}</ol>,
    document.getElementById("root")
)

Map

var array = [
    {name: "John", age: 5},
    {name: "Jeff", age: 6},
    {name: "Jenny", age: 7}
]

var elements = array.map(el => 
     <li>Name: {el.name}, Age: {el.age}</li>
)

ReactDOM.render(
    <ol>{elements}</ol>,
    document.getElementById("root")
)

Map in JSX

var array = [
    {name: "John", age: 5},
    {name: "Jeff", age: 6},
    {name: "Jenny", age: 7}
]

ReactDOM.render(
    <ol>{
        array.map(el => 
            <li>Name: {el.name}, Age: {el.age}</li>
        )
    }</ol>,
    document.getElementById("root")
)

Using Keys

We can also use unique keys to render items quicker with the following

var array = [
    {id: 1,name: "John", age: 5},
    {id: 2,name: "Jeff", age: 6},
    {id: 3,name: "Jenny", age: 7}
]

ReactDOM.render(
    <ol>{
        array.map(el => 
            <li key={el.id}>Name: {el.name}, Age: {el.age}</li>
        )
    }</ol>,
    document.getElementById("root")
)
var array = [
    {id: 1,name: "John", age: 5},
    {id: 2,name: "Jeff", age: 6},
    {id: 3,name: "Jenny", age: 7}
]

ReactDOM.render(
    <ol>{
        array.map((el,index) => 
            <li key={index}>Name: {el.name}, Age: {el.age}</li>
        )
    }</ol>,
    document.getElementById("root")
)

List Component

It can be useful to define a component that specifically renders lists as follows

class ListItem extends React.Component {
    constructor(props){
        super(props)
    }

    render(){
        return <li key={this.props.index}>Name: {this.props.name}, Age: {this.props.age}</li>
    }
}

class List extends React.Component {
    constructor(props){
        super(props)
    }

    render(){
        return (
            <ol>{
                this.props.list.map((el,index) => 
                    <ListItem index={index} name={el.name} age={el.age} />
                )
            }</ol>  
        )
    }
}

var array = [
    {id: 1,name: "John", age: 5},
    {id: 2,name: "Jeff", age: 6},
    {id: 3,name: "Jenny", age: 7}
]

ReactDOM.render(
    <List list={array}/>,
    document.getElementById("root")
)

Controlled Components

HTML form elements can be modified from the DOM as well as from the code, we use React to manage the state of these with what's called Controlled Components

We tie the DOM state to the React state in order to more easily manage it

This is done with the following steps

  1. When an input value is changed, call an event handler to update the value
  2. Re-render the element with its new value

Input Fields

class ControlledText extends React.Component {
    constructor(props){
        super(props)
        this.state = {value: ""}
        this.handleChange = this.handleChange.bind(this)
    }

    handleChange(event){
        this.setState({value: event.target.value})
    }

    render(){
        return <input type="text" value={this.state.value} onChange={this.handleChange}/>
    }
}

Checkboxes

class ControlledCheckbox extends React.Component {
    constructor(props){
        super(props)
        this.state = {value: ""}
        this.handleChange = this.handleChange.bind(this)
    }

    handleChange(event){
        this.setState({value: event.target.checked})
    }

    render(){
        <input type="checkbox" checked={this.state.checked} onChange={this.handleChange}/>
    }
}

Text Areas

class ControlledText extends React.Component {
    constructor(props){
        super(props)
        this.state = {value: ""}
        this.handleChange = this.handleChange.bind(this)
    }

    handleChange(event){
        this.setState({value: event.target.value})
    }

    render(){
        return <textarea type="text" value={this.state.value} onChange={this.handleChange}/>
    }
}

Selects

class ControlledSelect extends React.Component {
    constructor(props){
        super(props)
        this.state = {value: 0}
    }

    handleChange(event){
        this.setState({value: even.target.value})
    }

    render(){
        return (
            <select value={this.state.value} onChange={this.handleChange}>
                <option value="0">Please select an option</option>
                <option value="1">One</option>
                <option value="2">Two</option>
                <option value="3">Three</option>
            </select>
        )
    }
}

Selects can also be dynamically generated as follows

class ControlledSelect extends React.Component {
    constructor(props){
        super(props)
        this.state = {value: 0}
    }

    handleChange(event){
        this.setState({value: even.target.value})
    }

    render(){
        var options = ["Please select an option", "One", "Two", "Three"]
        return (
            <select value={this.state.value} onChange={this.handleChange}>
                options.map((option, index) => <option value={index}>{option}</option>)
            </select>
        )
    }
}

Multiple Inputs

class ControlledMultiple extends React.Component{

    constructor(props){
        super(props)
        this.state = {value: 'apple'}
        this.handleChange = this.handleChange.bind(this)
    }
    handleChange(event){
        this.setState({[event.target.name]: event.target.value})
    }
    render(){
        var array = ["apple","banana","carrot","donuts"]
        var options = array.map( (item) =>
            <option value = {item}>{item}</option>
        )
        return (
            <form>
                <input name="inputName" type = "input" value = {this.state.inputName} onChange = {this.handleChange}/>
                <textarea name="textAreaName" type = "text" value = {this.state.textAreaName} onChange = {this.handleChange}/>

                <select name = "selectName" value={this.state.selectName} onChange={this.handleChange}>
                    {options}
                </select>
            </form>
        )
    }
}

Tutorial

The Codepen for the Tutorial can be found here